1850s


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World in 1850
Centuries: 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1820s 1830s 1840s1850s1860s 1870s 1880s

1850

Europe and the Middle East

  • The paddle steamer RMS Royal Adelaide, that had left from Cork bound to London, arrives safely with its 250 passengers. It waits a mouth and is then sent back to Ireland, with food and supplies, to help with the famine, this is since Sir Robert Peel, 3rd Baronet (the eldest son of the prime minister Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet,) was appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland, after Henry Labouchere's resignation. He pledges to keep this up for as long as needed ... or as long as the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Charles Wood, 1st Viscount Halifax, is happy to "loan" these things to Ireland.
  • The Catholic hierarchy is re-established in England and Wales by Pope Pius IX
  • Due to the new laws, Greece, has plunged into a small civil war, with Greeks attacking former friends due to them being Muslims. The economy takes a slight dip as shops and houses are vandelized by mobs.
  • The Serbs and Bulgarians have found a peaceful way of relocating Muslims closer to their southern borders. They are watching Greece, carefully, if a counter-revolution turns around Greece, will they be safe?
  • Greece's control of Western Anatolia is being held on by tough repression.
  • Omar Pasha has a used this year to re-plan and prepare his army, he knows too well of letting his previous victories going to his head.
  • King Ernest I of Great Britain, is planing to set up a gathering in either London or the Hague of local monarchs to discuss the growing concerns regarding the concert of Europe especially regarding the balance of power which is shifting dramatically.

Americas

  • The saying goes "Anything and everything will happen in, California" and this is backed by the results of its current years. The mixture of cultures is spread out at the moment but with more and more people joining the communities, sooner rather then later their will be tension in California.

With the population of the Mormon city of Zion (OTL San Francisco) reaching 34,000 and the Californian capital city of Maryville (Los Angeles) reaching 50,000, the Anglo-Americans can not understand why they need to be under the control of the Mexican government, riots start up.

British foreign secretary Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, is sent to America to speak to President Cass, personally over the Oregon territory dispute. Both parties are eager to end this idiotic war once and for all and decide on a border line, that gives more land to America, give the US a border line with Russian Alaska but still allows Britain to hold some of the land.

  • Cass and Congress decide to divide the Oregon territory into four smaller territories, with Montana in the east, Washington in the South, Oregon in the middle and Columbus in the North.
  • The British Army, supported by extra troops from the cease fire in Northern America, have organized themselves in strategic positions along their border, asking the Columbian army to cease hostility in the name of the British Empire ... No reply from

Africa

  • Two Sicilies ambassador, states that Tunis and the surrounding land is to be a colony of theirs and the French ambassador states that land claimed by the French army is now under French authority; while the Tunisian, sitting in his old capital of Tunis, feels small and voiceless, his government is given permission by the Two Sicilies safe passage out of Tunis.
  • Buganda signs an alliance with Egypt, allowing them to be the middle trader between Buganda and the rest of the world.

East Asia and Oceania

  • In China, after stories of a handful of tax collectors being attacked by the peasants, in the more rural inland areas, they are collecting from, many other collectors go either into hiding or join the revolt, members of the aristocracy, are begin to form plans of fleeing the nation.
  • Colonies of New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, and New Hanover (OTL Victoria) granted representative government

1851

Americas

-The Oregon Treaty is signed between the USA and UK. the US gains the Oregon territory, at the (minor) cost of their claims in Maine and Midwest, along with a fairly large sum of money.

-Riots continue in Mormon territory. Both the US and UK send some support, but the Mexican government continues to battle the protesters.

-Massive floods hit the midwest.

-The Whale is published. It tells the story of a new Seaman caught in the conflict between a sea captain named Balthazar and his slow descent into madness while searching for a white sperm whale.

-With a shift in government back home, the British find themselves getting drawn into a war with Columbia. An incident involving Several farmers and militia on both sides may finally be the spark.

Europe

-Ernest Augustus I passes away. His son takes the throne as George V. Completely blind, there are a number of officials and politicians who do not believe the handicap king is (or ever will be) ready, and would rather pass the throne to his Cousin, the Prince George.

-Otto of Greece finds himself in an unusual situation: the Balance in the Balkans has shifted, Great Britain is preoccupied in the New World, France is dealing with a massive shift in Government and Russia seems to be all too eager to expand southwards. Not to mention their own actions have undermined the stability of their nation.

Otto finds himself stuck with making a difficult decision.

-Russian influence slowly begins to creep into Kurdistan.

-The Ottoman Civil War continues.

-Sicily finds its economy is slowly going downhill. Tunisia turns out to be a bit of an economic sink, and the primarily agrarian economy is struggling.

Riots and protest erupt through the country.*

Africa

-the remains of the former Tunisian government in Libya find themselves in a mess. Unwilling to submit to either side of the Ottoman Civil War, and wary of Egyptian expansionism, they have essentially set off on their own.**

Asia/Pacifica

-A coalition of Nativist, Anti-Manchus, a slightly insane Catholic*** "Priest" and other secret societies have risen up against the Manchu. the Chinese government, abandoning foolish plans to escape****, begin to combat the Uprising. Each group essentially has their own strongholds, and do little to actually *assist* each other.

-In Korea, Emperor Cheoljong, or more accurately the power behind him, seek to expel most of the foreign influences within the nation.

-Kamehameha III finds himself dealing with several Mormons who have left the violence of California for the relative peace and quiet of Hawaii, more specifically the island of Maui.

1852 North America -People in Maine are upset that they lost their northern territories. They can't do anything about it, though. -The Mormon riots continue. Calls for an independent California are widespread. -A twenty-year-old student in New York named Robert Geissman begins thinking about socialism and tries to come up with a better version of it. -James Cass does not run for a third term. George Mifflin Dallas, a Democrat, becomes President, beating Whig Candidate Millard Fillmore. Dallas hints at the possibility of war with Mexico over California and the neighboring regions. -Slavery continues to be a contentious issue in the United States. -Iowa becomes a free state, and there are plans for South Florida to become a slave state next year. -The Kansas Territory is created. South America -The War between Britain and Colombia finally starts, with Britain attacking the coast of Venezuela. -The Patagonian Jews begin coalescing around a single area, and Patagonia grows in population due to events discussed below. Europe -Greece continues to fall apart, with the people of Western Anatolia not especially happy about being part of Greece. -Greek Jews find themselves extremely persecuted because of recent events, so some of them escape. Many of them end up in Patagonia. North Africa and the Middle East -The Ottoman Civil War continues, with Pasha gaining a lot of ground. -Kurdistan becomes an independent Russian puppet. -The Two Sicilies reluctantly sell Tunisia to France. The riots are still going on though, and there are riots in Cyprus as well. -The Libyan government (which used to be the Tunisian government) is in a difficult situation. Fezzan becomes its own country and begins to move closer to Egypt politically, while Libya tries to remain independent in the wake of French and Egyptian expansionism. Sub-Saharan Africa -Oman colonizes the Comoros. -More countries near Lake Victoria adopt the Egyptian model. Asia -Both Chinese uprisings spread considerably, as much as the Chinese government tries to stop them. -The British are not eager to get out of Korea. Pacifica -The Mormons in Hawaii try to convert the native people, but it proves difficult.

1853 Americas - With some reshuffling in the Mexican government, leaders meet with Mormon leaders to try to come up with some sort of compromise. There is no success after Mexican leaders accidentally insult the Mormon leaders religious beliefs. This leads to general pissed off-ed ness, and the Mexican army shows up in force. They smash Mormon rioters, and declare martial law. While they are doing well in that, Mormons are afraid to rise up, but are even angrier inside, and something will happen years down the road.

- In an area of California known as Whittmer Stream, a Mormon settler finds some gold. While the Mormon authorities try to keep the fact in, rumors begin to seep out.

- President Dallas is inaugurated in the US. He is little different from his predecessor other than being a little more jingoistic. There is some talk in the Senate of Cuba as a possible place to expand the US.

- Despite little population in South Florida, it is made a slave state. There are some jokes made about the fact that it is so unpopulated.

- The Anglo-Colombian War continues. British forces advance with heavy gains in Colombia, while they ignite a revolt amongst French speakers in Haiti. The British intently watch America, as the Monroe Doctrine is out, and relations are frosty after the Columbia Incident.

- The Federal Republic of Central America watches the Anglo-Colombian War. Since its creation, it has become a decent state.

- Patagonia continues to be a mixture of Argentinian, French, and Chilean settlers.

Europe - The Greek government sends settlers to Anatolia, but violence still continues.

- Rioting throughout Sicily continues. Industry begins to grow.

Asia - All throughout Anatolia, Pashaist forces make breakthroughs, and many defeats are inflicted upon the Ottomans. The Ottomans only hold coastal territories and inland holdouts by the years end. Pasha sets up a new capital in Ankara and begins reforms. Greeks in the Anatolian provinces are suddenly somewhat worried.....

- The Chinese government looks in terror at the revolts. What they thought were simple matters are spreading massively. More rebels start fighting. Some Mormon missionaries also visit China. The leader of the Southern League of Anti-Manchu Liberation begins to portray the war against the Manchu government as an apocalyptic, religious struggle.

- Britain colonizes some land.

- Shogun Ioyoshi dies in Japan.

Africa - Libya realizes the only real way to remain safe is to find a European friend.

1854

Americas

-The New Mexican government cracks down on all Mormon revolts with the army. The government then follows up to the Mormon leaders with an ultimatum: Accept an autonomous area with similar rights and influence to the Comanche next door, or prepare to get uprooted by the army and scattered all throughout Mexico. The leaders eventually accept and peace prevails. Southern California soon becomes the Mexican state of Deseret and the first Mormon Senators are elected.

-Rumors of gold turn into a rush for gold. Massive amounts of migrants from all over Mexico and even America pour into California in hopes of finding Gold, massively expanding the population, although lessening the Mormon advantage.

-Said government proceeds to reshuffle some of the territories in order to make administration easier.

- In hopes of balancing the Mormons, Comancheria is accepted as a Mexican state under the new Mexican administration. It is unique for being a plurality native state in which said natives are not under the Criollo elite, but are the major powers. The Comanche, although well integrated into the Mexican system, retain a great deal of power and influence. This solidarity between the northern natives and the Mexican government leads to some grumbling in the Yucatan and Oaxaca, where natives and Mestizos push for more rights against the Criollos.

-With the Monroe doctrine effectively ended the attention shifts from Mexico to Britain. Relations are at the lowest since the War of 1812. Americans begin to rally for the Colombians, and secretly send them money and arms through Central America (mostly to spite the British). Many companies continue to trade with Colombia despite the blockade, causing innumerable diplomatic headaches on both sides. A few radical even proclaim war against the United Kingdom, in hopes of enforcing the Monroe doctrine and perhaps taking over Canada. President Dallas is torn.

-Many Indian tribes in the United States take note of the relative prosperity of the Comanche and begin to think about migrating from the Indian Territory in the US and into Mexico.

-The initial British push in Venezuela slows to a crawl as disease sets in and claims the lives of many and army. Successive Guerrilla attacks on British positions manage to push the invading armies back to the lowlands. Thus, British strategy shifts to holding the cities and the lowlands in hopes of crippling the Colombian economy and forcing the Colombians onto the bargaining table.

-This strategy is initially successful, outside trade with Colombia decreases drastically. At the same time, the lack of imports does help the Colombian industry grow as buyers are forced to purchase from home and the government throws as much money as it can into roads and canals to make transporting said goods easier. Predictably, the arms and railroad industry swell and the factories of the Pacific coast and Andean region expand. However, overland trade with Ecuador, Peru and Central America are not noticeably hurt and in fact grow to compensate.

-The Haitians are split. On the one hand many desire an independent government, but on the other there is fear that France will sweep in again to impose a crippling debt and that the elite with start the forced labor once more. For all its faults, the Colombian government has ended the serfdom of the Haitian peasants, gave them plots of land and built the country.

Thus, the eastern Haitians are far more loyal while the revolt in the western areas spiral outwards.

-Eastern Hispaniola remains steadfastly loyal and continues the fight from the mountains.

-Guano, used in firearms to make gunpowder is in increasingly high demand, much to the delight of Peru-Bolivia.

Asia

-The Ottoman forces are mopped up as the Pasha proclaims a new "Sultanate of Turkey" based in Konya. The victors have much work to do, repairing and rebuilding the state from scratch into a force that can compete in the modern world.

- A truce between Greece and Turkey is signed, ending conflict. Both sides know that this is merely a ceasefire, but neither wish or are able to restart war. With that in mind, the time for change has come. The Greeks begin to heavily fortify their Asian possessions in preparance for the upcoming war.

-The Russians invade Manchuria and Tuva, opening up a third front for the Qing to handle.

-With the Qing spread so thin, the revolts are able to gain massive amounts of ground and better organize along with inflict heavy casualties. A palace coup occurs and the new regime makes the very tough decision of pulling back as many troops to defend the heartland. Due to this, the revolts around Beijing are quelled but literally everywhere else the Qing lose land.

-In Qinghai, the revolt is able to organize under the charismatic leadership of a Hui warlord willing to work with the Han and Uyghers to push out the Qing. Thanks to this, and the Qing retreat, Qinghai is able to become a functioning state for the time being. The revolt liberates Gansu, Shanxi, parts of Sichaun and Ningxia and proclaims it will "Be Taking the fight to Beijing".

-Qinghai establishes relations with the British via India and the Russians via Turkestan.

-At the same time, the South China revolt takes up much of the south and similarly organizes. More unorganized revolts pop up, as warlords attempt to carve out their own little states.

-With the British busy, the French are able to establish a protectorate over Taiwan (Then under the rule of a small warlord). They also open up an embassy in South China and start up designs on taking Hainan.

-Iran has been busy. They too have been looking at the Egyptian model and have to an extent used it to centralize power under the Shah, which has been going well. Unfortunately, they do not have the money for patronage but still try to match the Egyptians as the premier Islamic power. They do however, try to promote Shia Islam in Central Asia, Arabia and Afghanistan and back try any a Shia warlord.

-Mesopotamia has once again become a center of learning and agriculture thanks to Persian rule. All this comes at the expense of the nomadic tribes, who are increasingly marginalized under the forces of modernization.

-Iran also invades and conquers the Trucial states to secure the entirety of the Persian gulf.

Africa

-Frosty Relations between Britain and the US mean the British begin to buy Egyptian cotton (and by proxy, Bugandan Beef) more than American cotton and meat. This does wonders for the Egyptian industry, allowing the Sultan to implement even more reforms while keeping the debt low.

-Cairo University gets renovated.

-Egyptian patronage has served Buganda well. It has reformed itself from a Iron Age kingdom into a semi-modern state with an excellent (by East African standards) army, equipped with the best muskets Egypt can provide. The demand for the Cattle Kingdom's beef has been growing and while new agriculture and pastoral techniques have been a tremendous boon, there is only so much they can aid. Thus the solution is to obtain new lands. Buganda begins to invade its neighbors, using the justification of bringing Islam and modernity to the backward pagans. With such a large, well trained and well equipped army, the resistance collapses with little effort.

-Curiously, the expansion of the beef industry has led to most of the pastoralists and cattle being under control of increasingly powerful Cattle Barons who work with the king to enforce his rule. In desperation, the land and herdless nomads start migrating to the cities or to Egypt.

-France and Sicily split Tunisia between themselves.

-Libya finds an unlikely ally in Sardinia. The kingdom of Sardinia has an interest in matching Sardinia and knocking it down enough to be able to annex it into their future kingdom of Italy.

-Fezzan drifts into the Egyptian orbit.

Europe

-The Greek Civil war ends after the intervention of a key general. (Name to be decided by someone else). Said General uses his war fame and army loyalty to become the power behind the throne and quell the squabbling factions. He then orders the development of an extensive fortification line in Anatolia while the army patrols Greece proper, attempting to keep the peace.

-Riots in Cyprus lead to the Sicilian government being expelled from the island. A plebiscite is held; the Cypriotes wish to join their kin in Greece. Cyprus is soon annexed by Greece.

-The Riots in Sicily evolve into a revolt lead by liberal leaders calling for reform. They are eventually crushed, but the government does give concessions and morphs into a constitutional monarchy, albeit one where the king still holds quiet a lot of power.

-The revolutionaries flee to Tuscany and northern Italy, where they call for revolution there. Another revolt begins in Modena, but this time Sardinia, under the guise of 'protecting its economic interests' invades nearby Modena and Lucca. Austria looks in worry but does nothing just yet.

-The events in Italy get Prussia thinking of binding the remainder of the German states... closer to home.

1855

Europe

As a culmination of a process that was already underway since the formation of the Zollverein, Prussia begins pressuring the other German statelets to join the "German Confederation", an institution very obviously dominated by Prussia. Due to Prussia's economic and political power, several states accede this year, such as Hessen, Baden, Oldenburg... Some, like Saxony, Bavaria and Württemberg, however, decline and begin cultivating their ties with Austria in case Prussia wants to go beyond peaceful methods of unification. Both Prussia and Austria embark upon a diplomatic offensive among the remaining independent German states.

Citing this map, King George V decides to enlarge his holdings in Hannover. (Pre-unification Germany is a clusterfuck that I can never decipher properly, but it seems that British Hannover was oddly shaped and smaller than it should be.)

Austria decides to accept the fall of the duchies of Modena and Lucca (which happens this year) to Italy due to unrest at home (see below). However, they coordinate with Tuscany and the Papal States regarding defensive strategies.

In Great Britain and Austria, during the year, two unrelated workers' uprisings occur that end up drastically affecting the world despite their quick suppression. In Britain, it's urban workers protesting their poor conditions and lack of any meaningful say in politics that drives the revolts - in Austria, it's an economic downturn caused by the annexation of Bosnia combined with an industrialization drive that destroys the security of many poor farmers and a fledgling working class - mainly based in Czech and Austrian areas, where the bulk of the small Austrian manufacturing industry is.

Many exiled revolutionary leaders end up fleeing to the relatively liberal France, where they invite other revolutionaries from all around the world to a meeting in the city of Marseilles. People from all around the world visit, but especially from areas where there already are rebellions of some sort, such as the Sicilies and Greece. The organization they found becomes known as the International Confederation of Trade Unionists, generally shortened to (the first) Intercon.

The assembled delegates agree that the problem is that workers do not have control over the means of production. To rectify this, they agree that the workers must achieve popular democracy for all, universal suffrage, but also the right to manage their own workplaces. They also see national borders and the division between working peoples as a major evil and a great obstacle between them and workers' power.

The movement founded in Marseilles becomes known as the 'Unionists' in colloquial usage - the term has a double meaning, namely their commitment to establishing trade union rule, but also the desire to establish a supranational 'union' between all peoples... For now the movement is still in an embryonic stage, but it is becoming more and more popular not just in Britain and Austria, but also in other industrialized or slowly industrializing countries.*

While the Unionists are suppressed in Austria, liberal revolutionaries and Hungarian nationalists are still making trouble - the latter only demand some autonomy for now, but with threats of uprising if they aren't fulfilled, and this time the Hungarian elite is backing the popular revolutionaries. Emperor Franz Josef considers which tool to whip out - the carrot or the stick?

Africa

The Kingdom of Buganda annexes some of its weaker neighbors and sets its eyes south. The remaining smaller states in the region are alarmed and form an alliance to try and repel their northern neighbor - although they are poorly armed and isolated. Where will Buganda stop?

France begins competing for influence within Libya.

Asia

General Iliadis, the de facto ruler of Greece decides to construct a second fortification line along the Turkish straits (while still continuing the first at a slower pace), ostensibly to prevent the Turks from pushing into Constantinople in case Western Anatolia falls. While a sound strategy, this leads to further resentment by the Greeks in Anatolia, who feel like they'll be thrown away if a war comes. Nonetheless, with the memories of the mass murders committed by the Ottomans in mind, they have no choice but to stay put - and maybe try to plot a progressive revolution against the junta.

Meanwhile, Omar Latas Pasha is officially crowned Sultan of the Turkish Sultanate as Sultan Omar I. He and his advisors recognize that the key to modernity is a strong industry, and thus industrialization belatedly begins, in a top-down fashion. The textile industry is the main driving force, while attempts to mechanize agriculture go slowly due to the major divide between the large cities and the countryside which still suffers from medieval conditions.

Turkey also suffers from a lack of friends. No great power is willing to support them - the ones that are, Turkey doesn't have much of a use for. Finally, they try to approach Egypt, recognizing that they will never have Cairo back and thus it's best to be friendly with another developing Muslim power.

The Qing government fears the martial Hui rebels more than the confusing rebel movement in the south, and focuses much of its strength against them. The Hui expand their dominion, but are stretched to the utmost. The leaders of the revolt are split between two factions: the 'Huijiang' faction, which seeks to carve out an independent revolt in Western China, and the 'Imperial' faction, which seeks to place one of their own on the Qing throne. The rivalry of these factions would decide what kinds of demands the Hui would make towards the Qing emperor...

However, the southern rebels gain much ground as a result, as its leadership slowly crystallizes. They agree upon an ethnic Han pretender to the Chinese throne, one who promises social reforms catering to its various supporters (such as the banning of foot binding, land reforms, the disempowerment of the Manchu ruling caste, and even something resembling a limited constitution, though presented as a different form of the Mandate of Heaven...). These just remain promises for now, of course.

The Western powers back the southern rebels, for the most part, as they promise to abide by the Qing Empire's obligations to the great powers. Nonetheless, the French do land in Hainan. It is not integrated into the French colonial empire yet - Taiwan is enough actual land for them, and thus they consider using it instead as a bargaining chip after the Chinese civil war ends, in exchange for concessions from whichever faction becomes the victor.

Desparate to protect their powerbase in the northeast, the Qing government folds to Russia's demands, which amount to taking several warm-water ports and the northern strip of Manchuria. This alarms Britain, which now sees East Asia as another front of their 'Great Game'.

Americas

Gran Colombia continues to recover inland areas - pinning down the British at the coast while contingents of their army push into Guyana Essequibo. American aid helps them immensely: preventing the Haitians from receiving British arms, while the Colombians receive support that allows them to liberate even sections of the coastline from the British.

With all this, the British decide not to try another escalation with the US, and pull out of Guyana Essequibo, ceding the region to Gran Colombia.Now the latter only has the Haitian revolts to put down.

The Mexican gold rush lasts still; Indians from the US leave in droves to take part, seeing this as their chance to prosper. Aside from the actual gold, the establishment of a Native American territory also appeals to them as they hope they'll have more rights in Mexico.

1856

Americas

Minnesota is created as seperated territory. It is expected to become a state next year.

Minnesota will be a free state, as will all states within the Oregon territory. Pro-slavery people fear there wont be any new states that will allow slavery. They once again bring up the issue.

Abolitionists are of course annoyed. They feel the pro slavery camp got what they want with entire Texas being a slave state. (slave states now have a darker color).


Many slaves from the USA fleeing the country (as northern states still deport runaway slaves back to the south) end up in Mexico. They are helped by an underground network of abolitionists smuggling them into Mexico. Many go to Northern Mexico to participate in the Gold Rush.

Alta California is added as state. Baja California is still are territory though. The territory of Colorado is expanded at expense of Utah and ... (We can choose between 'Lago Salado' or 'Timpanagos' (an old name for the area around the lake) what do you guys prefer?)

The Jews in Argentina make a deal, they get autonomy in exchange for helping to colonise and develope the southern cone. Hebrew, Jiddisch, Spanish and French are the official languages in this new 'County of Zion'. It capital is New Jerusalem (OTL town Camerones), which has 25.000 inhabitants. The entire country has about 38.000, this however expanding quickly as many rich jews flee discriminiation in Germany and France while more lower class jews from Europe flee their war torn countries.

Chile is paid 5 million dollars (largely financed by the jewish community) to renounce it's claims. They accept.

The construction of a railway between New Jerusalem and Buenos Aires is started too.

Gran Colombia puts down the Haitians by.... genociding them... It is however a very effective methode.

Because Germans now make up over 60% of the population German becomes the second official language of Cathrinia, or Katherinien (former Rio Grande do Sul). (Hence why German influence).

Europe

Greece and Turkey sign a treaty in which they 'recognize' each others borders. However Greece and Turks are still moving to their respective country. Many Greeks from the Pontus are traded for Turks from the straits area.

Louis-Philippe I of France dies. His relatively young son (only 44 years old) Louis takes the throne as Louis-Philippe II. L-P II is just like his father a good old liberal. Many start to name this time period the Phillipean Age.

The Unionists start to spread their word. Because they arent too radical they are able to thrive in liberal France.

Prussia includes several more northern German states in the union. Only Saxony, Bavaria, Wurttemberg, Schleswig and Hannover are left.

After the king of Tuscany dies his daughter becomes queen, however she is married to the king of Sardinia Piedmont, and thus his Kingdom grows.

Africa


Buganda expands slowly along the Nile.

The Merina unite Madagascar. They start trading with the Omani, French, Protugese and British.

Asia and Oceania

Persia, feeling its rising power, invades Oman. The Sultan in Zanzibar (that's actually where he lived) isnt able to do much. Only in southern Oman his soldiers are able deliver some resistance. However his entire navy for example retreats to Zanzibar.

The Yunnan rise up. They dont want Qing, Hui or *Han rule. Being home to the mountaisn they have an heavy advantage. Their leader is a Chinese Muslim. (My knowledge about Chinese names is pretty low too).

France also lands soldiers in Taiwan for 'protection'.

The Hui and Han race to Bejing, and to clash inside the capital. Heavy fighting takes places. The palace catches fire. Nobody know if the Qing emperor is still alive or where he is.

Russia takes it's chance and expands it's influence in northern China.

Tibet goes independent.

Confusion reigns: nobody knows who is actually the boss in the Qing lands... Have they been defeated, did the *Han just become emprerors? Many wonder what will happen.

1857

Americas

-George Dallas is reelected for his second term.

-In Georgia, a massive slave auction is held over a two-day period. 436 people are sold and coupled with the recent Court Ruling in the Dredd Scott has people in the north in an uproar.

-Dredd Scott v. Stanford concludes. In a 6-3 ruling, the Supreme court concludes that Black are, in fact, citizens and may sue for freedom. This causes massive unrest in slave-holding states, including lynchings and slave riots.(1)

-The Oregon Territory is divided into Oregon and Washington Territories.

-The Gold Rush begins to peter out. that does not stop Mexicans, White and Black Americans and others from pouring in.

-the Panic of 1857 begins as the New York Bank shuts down.

-Minnesota joins the US as a free state.

-Mexico, Under...(It's a republic right?) The Current president remains stable and moderately prosperous. Whatever promises of War US president Dallas has made seem unlikely.

-Henry Scott(2) becomes Governor of Maryland. Under his administration, the state begins to take steps towards abolishing slavery.

-Columbia continues to rebuild after the War.

-Emperor Pedro II passes away after an unexpected illness. His 10 year old son, also named Pedro, becomes the new king as Pedro III. (3) Due to his age, his mother acts as regent.

Europe

-Greek "overthrows" King Otto, installing General Iliadis, as the first President of the Republic of Greece. Otto flees for Bavaria. (4)

-Officials from Hanover, and by extension Great Britain, and Austria meet to discuss the situation in the German states. While neither nation particularly likes the other, both agree that a strong Prussia is not in their best interest.

-Prussia, on the other hand, realizes it's chances to form a properly united Germany are slipping away.

Asia/Pacifica

-The Iranian invasion of Oman continues, slowly. The British are not particularly happy at a possible threat to the Route to India and begin to support the Omani.

-Calcutta university is formed.

-the Mughals officially surrender to the British,

-The Chinese Civil War continues.

Beijing continues to be flattened by the three way slugfest between the Hui, Southern Rebels and Qing.

The Qing have effectively holed up in What's left of Manchuria, and are being increasingly pressured by the Russians to accept "protection". The Emperor is nowhere to be seen.

In the Meantime, Hui Warlord Ma Liu of the Huijiang (5) faction officially parts with the rest of the Hui "imperial" faction. Ma's forces head westwards, while the remains of the Imperial Hui, under Tang Lao continues eastwards.

The Christian sect of the south, the Harmonious Warriors of God, also part from the Southern Rebels. the Harmonious Warriors, lead by Wong Kei-ying, are focused mostly on Guandong, and have also sought out Anglo-French recognition.

the rest of the Southern rebels, under Fang Cheng, continue to push towards Beijing.

The Yunnan under Warlord Jihu Han continue to rise up.

At this point the war has slowly devolved into a free-for-all, although most factions are more concerned with survival than defeating the others to unite China.

-Chinese Refugees flee to Australia, Hawaii, and even Mexico.

-With a heavier Russian Presence in China, the British begin to "assist" the Koreans in modernizing. Emperor Cheoljong bites the bullet and accepts the help, not willing to let Korea fall to a similar fate as China.

-Anglo-French forces arrive in Edo Bay, demanding that Japan open up.

-More Mormons arrive in Hawaii. the Protestant and Christians living there are not happy with the newcommers.

---

1: Little iffy on it.

2: Remember him?

3: slight error, missed that a heir was born in 1847.

4: Since poor Otto has been mostly ignored.

5: Represented by the Goldish color. the Harmonious Warriors of God are the dark Blue color, as I've run out of colors for China.

1858

(ongoing events/plots in blue)

Americas

-The British formally divide the Province of Canada into its two constituent parts, Upper and Lower Canada

-Henry Scott continues his abolitionist drive in Maryland, signing a bill that would gradually abolish slavery in the state by 1859.

-Meanwhile, Colombia still recovers from its war with Britain.

-Settlers continue to pour into northern Mexico.

-Argentina begins settlement of the vast Chaco grasslands, hoping to take them before either Peru or Paraguay begin to settle there.

Europe

-After realizing that their window into the formation of Germany may be closing, Prussia decides to engineer pro-Prussian coups across the remaining German states, largely succeeding in the process (though the succeeding governments in Bavaria and Württemberg are largely unstable and could easily be reversed).* It also begins preparations for an invasion of Denmark (to "liberate" Schleswig and Holstein)

-To that end, the Prussian government sends a letter to the King of Sweden, offering to carve up Denmark between themselves.

-Meanwhile, Spain draws up its ambitions to revive its status as a colonial power, starting with Africa and Asia.

Africa and the Middle East

-The Omani War continues, and despite British support, the Persian advance continues up the coast. It's only a matter of time before they mop up the resistance in the desert.

-With Persia suspecting (correctly) that the British assisted the Omanis, the Shah decides to become closer to Russia.

-Pursuant to Spain's new colonial ambitions in Asia and Africa, Spanish troops invade Morocco, hoping to have a springboard into North Africa. By year's end, they capture the Mediterranean coast.

-Buganda expands its control of the tribes to the west and south, while the Kingdom of Rwanda opts to become a Bugandan vassal.

-The Boer Republic decides to expand its holdings in the coast, settling wherever they go.

Asia-Pacific

-The (eastern) Hui rebels finally gain the upper hand in the Siege of Beijing, over the Qing and the southern rebels. To that end, they place their leader as Emperor (the first Muslim in the Dragon Throne). This is of course, contested by the other belligerents.

In response, Russia continues to expand its sphere around China, and may be looking towards annexing them in the future.

-Pursuant to Spain's new colonial ambitions in Asia and Africa, its armies begin a campaign of conquest of its neighbors in Mindanao. In the end, the sultanate of Zamboanga is annexed, while Maguidanao is turned into a "princely state" of Spain. Meanwhile, they set their sights towards Sulu, Brunei, and the other states in Borneo (as well as Ryukyu to the north)

-Japan's shogun caves to Anglo-French demands to open the country.

  • If you want me to get rid of these (because of plausibility issues), please let me know

1859 Americas

-Californian-mexican relations are improving as the Californians are gaining more autonomy under the Mexican empire. Many of the demands of the locals there have been met. Even though the region is still mostly populated by white Americans (Mormons and 53'ers, respectively), they are becoming content to govern themselves from Paradise City*1 and pay nominal allegiance to Mexico City.

-Maryland is now a free state. This has upset the free-slave state balance, and there is no easy way Washington can find to remedy that. South Florida is the only territory that could be a slave state, and it has too low of a population. All the new territories are inhabited almost entirely by anti-slavery yanks. So there seems to be no way to even things out, and many are not even attempting to do so. Delaware seems likely to follow the lead of Maryland, upsetting the balance even more.

- With abolition in Maryland, Abolitionists are becoming more and more bold. They feel the time is drawing near to strike on the whole issue. The poem "The peculiar Institution" is published in New York, satirizing the slaverowners' worldview and position on "freedom and liberty." It sells incredibly well. Northerners are starting to become militant on the issue.


-Through all this, Henry Scott enjoys great fame in the North and even many border slave states such as Kentucky. Times are changing for slavery in the U.S.

-The 1860 public census shows there are 33 million people living in the United States. This is slightly more than expected.

-A revolt breaks out in Haiti. It is brutally suppressed by Columbia.

Europe and the Near East

-Prussia and Russia grow closer together as Austria and France do the same. Tensions are heated, and Austria is on the verge of war (though it should be noted they and france are not officially allies... yet)

-President Iliadis*2 of Greece turns out to do even better than expected. He quickly enacts several reforms and sponsors industry, setting the country on a new, golden path. The deportation of Turks has stopped, mostly because there are no Turks left. With the money stolen from deported Turks, Greece builds its industry and navy, and is starting to be able to pull its weight as a regional power.

-This shows in 1859. Russia and Britain both want to gain power over Constantinople, and both give some concessions in an attempt to do so. Russia cedes more power to Bulgaria, which starts to gravitate more towards Greece as does Serbia. Britain agrees to give Greece a future ship, The Illiad *3, both in exchange for better trade between the straits. The economy is booming aroudn the Aegan, and things are looking up for the new republic.

-Turkey is also doing better. The country draws closer towards Egypt and does some modernizing of its own, though they lack the major western support and investment Greece has.

Africa

-Spanish Colonial ambitions continue, as they carve farther into Morocco. They now control most of the cities, with what's left of Morocco in the desert.

-Buganda conquers many of their neighbors and grows even more. To the tribes and small nations in the area, they are simply unstoppable.

-Egypt starts to project its power onto nearby Libya. Many in the region prefer Egyptian rule to European rule.

-The Afrikaners expand some more, sometimes kicking out natives in the way of new land. Tensions build, though they have not reached a boiling point.

Asia and Oceania


-This is a bad year for the city of Beijing. First, the northern Qing take control from the Hui, and cut many ties with Russia. this is not to last, however, as the Southern rebels march into the city themselves. By the end of the year, Beijing has lost a quarter of its population, and is now under the control of the Hui again.

- The Muslims have launched a fierce attack against the southern rebels this whole year, culminating in the capture of Bejing. More and more are dying all the time in a bloody war that doesn't seem likely to end.

-Now with open ports, Japan is seemingly powerless to stop the bigger European powers. A group of rebels try to restore the emperor to the throne of japan, but are put down by shoguns with Anglo-French help. The desire for change is still nowhere near fully extinguished.

1: A mormon San Francisco

2: I'm thinking he's sort of going to be a Greek George Washington, or something to that effect.

3:You can see the classical influences even now. I focused a lot on Greece, but I was thinking it could be very interesting to have a strong greece that might even become a great power. What do you think? Attached Images