Proto-Araqish dialects


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Proto-Araqish is protolanguage spoken in Eastern Originalia. It is divided on six main regional dialects, separated from each other by geographical and cultural conditions.

Most distinctive features

Middle Proto-Araqish Northern Center Southern
Western Eastern Northern Southern Western Eastern
Phonology
ʈ ʈʰ ɖʰ ʂ t tʰ dʰ s ʈ ʈʰ ɖʰ ʂ t tʰ d s ʈ ʈʰ ɖ ʂ k kʰ gʰ x tˠ tʰˠ dʰˠ sˠ
t̪ t̪ʰ d̪ʰ s̪ θ θʰ θʰ h t̪ t̪ʰ d̪ʰ s̪ t tʰ d s t̪ t̪ʰ d̪ s̪ t̪ t̪ʰ d̪ʰ s̪ t tʰ dʰ s
ɾ~ɽ~l~ɭ ɾ l ɾ ɽ l ɭ r l r~ɽ l~ɭ ɺ ɾ
a aː ä äː ɛ ɛː a aː a aː a aː ɛ ɛː
ɑ ɑː ä äː ä äː ɔ ɔː ɑ ɑː ɔ ɔː ɑ ɑː
h ø h ø ø ø h
k k k k c c c
q q ʔ q k k k
pʰ t̪ʰ ʈʰ kʰ qʰ pʰ tʰ tʰ kʰ qʰ pʰ t̪ʰ ʈʰ kʰ qʰ pʰ tʰ tʰ kʰ qʰ pʰ t̪ʰ ʈʰ cʰ kʰ pʰ t̪ʰ kʰ cʰ kʰ pʰ tʰ tʰˠ cʰ kʰ
bʰ d̪ʰ ɖʰ gʰ ɢʰ bʰ dʰ dʰ gʰ ɢʰ bʰ d̪ʰ ɖʰ gʰ ɢʰ b d d g ɢ b d̪ ɖ ɟ g bʰ d̪ʰ gʰ ɟʰ gʰ bʰ dʰ dˠʰ ɟʰ gʰ
t̪j t̪ʰj d̪ʰj t͡s t͡sʰ d͡zʰ t̪͡s t̪͡sʰ d̪͡zʰ tj tʰj dj tj tʰj dj t̪j t̪ʰj d̪ʰj tj tʰj dʰj
ʈj ʈʰj ɖʰj t͡s t͡sʰ d͡zʰ ʈ͡ʂ ʈ͡ʂʰ ɖ͡ʐʰ tj tʰj dj ʈj ʈʰj ɖj kj kʰj gʰj tˠj tʰˠj dʰˠj
kj kʰj gʰj t͡ʃ t͡ʃʰ d͡ʒʰ t͡ʃ t͡ʃʰ d͡ʒʰ kj kʰj gj kj kʰj gj kj kʰj gʰj kj kʰj gʰj
P + Bʰ BBʰ BʰBʰ BB BB BBʰ BʰBʰ
Pʰ + Bʰ BBʰ BʰBʰ BB BB BBʰ BʰBʰ
Bʰ + P PPʰ PʰPʰ PPʰ PP BBʰ PPʰ
Bʰ + Pʰ PPʰ PʰPʰ PPʰ PʰPʰ BBʰ PʰPʰ
Morphology
split-active alignment split-active alignment split-active alignment split-active alignment ergative-accusative alignment ergative-accusative alignment ergative-accusative alignment
secundative ditransitive alignment secundative ditransitive alignment secundative ditransitive alignment secundative ditransitive alignment three-way patient indirective ditransitive alignment indirective ditransitive alignment
8 cases 8 cases various new cases various new cases few new cases cases reduction various new cases

Comparative wordlist

Middle Proto-Araqish Northern Center Southern
Western Eastern Northern Southern Western Eastern
xáṣva [hɑːʂʋɑ] sea [äːsʋä] [häːʂʋä] [ɔːsʋɔ] [ɑːʂʋɑ] [ɔːxʋɔ] [hɑːsˠʋɑ]
qêm [qɛːm] earth, land [qɛːm] [ʔɛːm] [qɛːm] [kɛːm] [kɛːm] [kɛːm]
qanq [qɑɴq] stone [qäɴq] [ʔäŋʔ] [qɔɴq] [kɑŋk] [kɔŋk] [kɑŋk]
règ [ɾɛgʰ] wolf [ɾɛgʰ] [ɾɛgʰ] [rɛg] [rɛɟ] [rɛɟʰ] [ɾɛɟʰ]
áran [ɑːɾɑn] lake [äːɾän] [äːɾän] [ɔːrɔn] [ɑːrɑn] [ɔːɺɔn] [ɑːɾɑn]
goṣ [gʰoʂ] coast, bank, edge [gʰos] [gʰoʂ] [gos] [ɟoʂ] [ɟʰox] [ɟʰosˠ]
samar [sɑmɑl] green [hämäl] [sämäl] [sɔmɔl] [sɑmɑl] [sɔmɔl] [sɑmɑɾ]
tap [tɑp] hill [θäp] [täp] [tɔp] [tɑp] [tɔp] [tɑp]
xvaq [hʋɑq] horse [ʋäq] [hʋäʔ] [ʋɔq] [ʋɑq] [ʋɔk] [hʋɑk]
hvôr [hʋɔːl] sun [ʋɔːl] [hʋɔːl] [ʋɔːl] [ʋɔːl] [ʋɔːl] [hʋɔːɾ]
deṇsu [dʰeŋsu] sky [ðʰeŋsu] [dʰensu] [deŋsu] [deɲsu] [dʰeɲsu] [dʰeŋsu]
khorot [kʰoɾot] moon [kʰoɾoθ] [kʰoɾot] [kʰorot] [cʰorot] [cʰoɺot] [cʰoɾot]
mat [mɑt] time [mäθ] [mät] [mɔt] [mɑt] [mɔt] [mɑt]
ryôn [ɾjɔːn] night [ɾ̝ɔːn] [ɾ̝ɔːn] [rjɔːn] [rjɔːn] [rjɔːn] [ɾjɔːn]
ġab [ɢʰɑbʰ] big, great [ɢʰäbʰ] [ɢʰäbʰ] [ɢɔb] [gɑb] [gʰɔbʰ] [gʰɑbʰ]
dôm [dʰɔːm] thunder [ðʰɔːm] [dʰɔːm] [dɔːm] [dɔːm] [dʰɔːm] [dʰɔːm]
qúq [quːq] milk [quːq] [ʔuːʔ] [quːq] [kuːk] [kuːk] [kuːk]
dyǽr [dʰjaːl] mountain [d͡zʰäːl] [d͡zʰɛːl] [djaːl] [djaːl] [djaːɺ] [djɛːɾ]
eṣa [eʂɑ] light [esä] [eʂä] [esɔ] [eʂɑ] [exɔ] [esˠɑ]
yúv [juːʋ] water [juːʋ] [juːʋ] [juːʋ] [juːʋ] [juːʋ] [juːʋ]
ṭand [ʈɑndʰ] source, spring [tänð] [ʈändʰ] [tɔnd] [ʈɑnd] [kɔndʰ] [tˠɑndʰ]
min [min] man [min] [min] [min] [min] [min] [min]
tǽt [taːt] good [θäːθ] [tɛːt] [taːt] [taːt] [taːt] [tɛːt]
òr [ɔl] one [ɔl] [ɔl] [ɔl] [ɔl] [ɔɺ] [ɔɾ]
ḍaxá [ɖʰɑhɑː] two [däˈäː] [ɖʰähäː] [dɔˈɔː] [dɑˈɑː] [gɔˈɔː] [dˠʰɑhɑː]
taryú [tɑljuː] three [θäʎuː] [täʎuː] [tɔljuː] [tɑljuː] [tɔɺjuː] [tɑɾjuː]
ambuqi [ɑmbʰuqi] four [ämbʰuqi] [ämbʰuʔi] [ɔmbuqi] [ɑmbuki] [ɔmbʰuki] [ɑmbʰuki]
khadru [kʰɑdʰɾu] five [kʰäðʰɾu] [kʰädʰɾu] [kʰɔdru] [kʰɑdru] [kʰɔdʰɺu] [cʰɑdʰɾu]
khaṣḍu [kʰɑʂɖʰu] six [kʰäʒdʰu] [kʰäʐɖʰu] [kʰɔzdu] [kʰɑʐɖu] [kʰɔɣgʰu] [cʰɑsˠdˠʰu]
tôqtu [tɔːqtu] seven [θɔːqθu] [tɔːʔtu] [tɔːqtu] [tɔːktu] [tɔːktu] [tɔːktu]
kyáskhu [kjɑːskʰu] eight [t͡ʃäːskʰu] [t͡ʃäːskʰu] [kjɔːskʰu] [cjɑːscʰu] [cjɔːscʰu] [cjɑːscʰu]
davsu [dʰɑʋsu] nine [ðʰäʋsu] [dʰäʋsu] [dɔʋsu] [dɑʋsu] [dʰɔʋsu] [dʰɑʋsu]
máthu [mɑːtʰu] ten [mäθʰu] [mäːtʰu] [mɔːtʰu] [mɑːtʰu] [mɔːtʰu] [mɑːtʰu]
ḍaxmáthu [ɖʰɑhmɑːtʰu] twenty [dʰäːmäːθʰu] [ɖʰähmäːtʰu] [dɔːmɔːtʰu] [ɖɑːmɑːtʰu] [gʰɔːmɔːtʰu] [ɖʰɑhmɑːtʰu]
mamêth [mɑmɛːtʰ] (one) hundred [mämɛːθʰ] [mämɛːtʰ] [mɔmɛːtʰ] [mɑmɛːtʰ] [mɔmɛːtʰ] [mɑmɛːtʰ]
varmêth [ʋɑlmɛːtʰ] (one) thousand [ʋälmɛːθʰ] [ʋälmɛːtʰ] [ʋɔlmɛːtʰ] [ʋɑlmɛːtʰ] [ʋɔlmɛːtʰ] [ʋɑɾmɛːtʰ]
meṣṭe [meʂʈe] cat [meste] [meʂʈe] [meste] [meʂʈe] [mexke] [mesˠtˠe]
xôg [hɔːgʰ] fire [ɔːgʰ] [hɔːgʰ] [ɔːg] [ɔːɟ] [ɔːɟʰ] [hɔːɟʰ]
dumb [dʰumbʰ] tree [ðʰumbʰ] [dʰumbʰ] [dumb] [dumb] [dʰumbʰ] [dʰumbʰ]
bák [bʰɑːk] cow [bʰäːk] [bʰäk] [bɔːk] [bɑːc] [bʰɔːc] [bʰɑːc]
agô [ɑgʰɔː] brother [ägʰɔː] [ägʰɔː] [ɔgɔː] [ɑɟɔː] [ɔɟʰɔː] [ɑɟʰɔː]
súg [suːgʰ] dog [suːgʰ] [suːgʰ] [suːg] [suːɟ] [suːɟʰ] [suːɟʰ]
na [nɑ] I [nä] [nä] [nɔ] [nɑ] [nɔ] [nɑ]
khú [kʰuː] thou here [kʰuː] [kʰuː] [kʰuː] [cʰuː] [cʰuː] [cʰuː]
ṭú [ʈuː] thou there [tuː] [ʈuː] [tuː] [ʈuː] [kuː] [tˠuː]
óm [oːm] he / she / it here [oːm] [oːm] [oːm] [oːm] [oːm] [oːm]
ês [ɛːʂ] he / she / it there [ɛːs] [ɛːʂ] [ɛːs] [ɛːʂ] [ɛːx] [ɛːsˠ]
ṣá [ʂɑː] someone here [säː] [ʂäː] [sɔː] [ʂɑː] [xɔː] [sˠɑː]
ġá [ɢɑː] someone there [ɢʰäː] [ɢʰäː] [ɢɔː] [gɑː] [gʰɔː] [gʰɑː]
[meː] we [meː] [meː] [meː] [meː] [meː] [meː]
ṇé [ŋeː] you here [ŋeː] [ŋeː] [ŋeː] [ɲeː] [ɲeː] [ɲeː]
[joː] you there [joː] [joː] [joː] [joː] [joː] [joː]
óma [oːmɑ] he / she / it here [oːmä] [oːmä] [oːmɔ] [oːmɑ] [oːmɔ] [oːmɑ]
êsa [ɛːsɑ] he / she / it there [ɛːhä] [ɛːsä] [ɛːsɔ] [ɛːsɑ] [ɛːsɔ] [ɛːsɑ]
mód [moːdʰ] house [moːðʰ] [moːdʰ] [moːd] [moːd] [moːdʰ] [moːdʰ]
bábá [bʰɑːbʰɑː] war [bʰäːbʰäː] [bʰäːbʰäː] [bɔːbɔː] [bɑːbɑː] [bʰɔːbʰɔː] [bʰɑːbʰɑː]
qún [quːn] fate [quːn] [ʔuːn] [quːn] [kuːn] [kuːn] [kuːn]
phyos [pʰjos] wise [pʰjos] [pʰjos] [pʰjos] [pʰjos] [pʰjos] [pʰjos]
ala [ɑɾɑ] eye [äɾä] [äɾä] [ɔrɔ] [ɑrɑ] [ɔɺɔ] [ɑɾɑ]
gint [gʰint] hand [gʰint] [gʰint] [gint] [ɟint] [ɟʰint] [ɟʰint]
ġór [ɢʰoːl] round, globular object [ɢʰoːl] [ɢʰoːl] [ɢoːl] [goːl] [gʰoːɺ] [gʰoːɾ]
ġáná [ɢʰɑːnɑː] family, lineage [ɢʰäːnäː] [ɢʰäːnäː] [ɢɔːnɔː] [gɑːnɑː] [gʰɔːnɔː] [gʰɑːnɑː]
thǽd [tʰaːdʰ] tooth [θʰäːðʰ] [tʰɛːdʰ] [tʰaːd] [tʰaːd] [tʰaːdʰ] [tʰɛːdʰ]
mvar [mʋɑl] hair, fur [mʋäl] [mʋäl] [mʋɔl] [mʋɑl] [mʋɔɺ] [mʋɑɾ]
qubma [qubʰmɑ] fall [qubʰmä] [ʔubʰmä] [qubmɔ] [kubmɑ] [kuːbʰmɔ] [kuːbʰmɑ]
iṣpê [iʂpɛː] speech [ispɛː] [iʂpɛː] [ispɛː] [iʂpɛː] [ixpɛː] [isˠpɛː]
bákep [bʰɑːkep] hammer [bʰäːkep] [bʰäːkep] [bɔkep] [bʰɑːcep] [bʰɔːcep] [bʰɑːcep]
báktan [bʰɑktɑn] cowman [bʰäkθän] [bʰäktän] [bɔktɔn] [bɑktɑn] [bʰɔctɔn] [bʰɑctɑn]
púrú [puːɾuː] meal [puːɾuː] [puːɾuː] [puːruː] [puːruː] [puːɺuː] [puːɾuː]
môvthǽdas [mɔːʋtʰaːdʰɑs] toothless [mɔːʋθʰäːðʰäh] [mɔːʋtʰɛːdʰäs] [mɔːʋtʰaːdɔs] [mɔːʋtʰaːdɑs] [mɔːʋtʰaːdʰɔs] [mɔːʋtʰɛːdʰɑs]
bônd [bʰɔːndʰ] strong [bʰɔːndʰ] [bʰɔːnðʰ] [bɔːnd] [bɔːnd] [bʰɔːndʰ] [bʰɔːndʰ]
gonder [gʰondʰel] slaughterhouse [gʰonðʰel] [gʰondʰel] [gondel] [ɟondel] [ɟʰondʰeɺ] [ɟʰondʰeɾ]
xôgder [hɔːgʰdʰel] campfire [ɔːgʰðʰel] [hɔːgʰdʰel] [ɔːgdel] [ɔːɟdel] [ɔːɟʰdʰel] [hɔːɟʰdʰeɾ]
agônæn [ɑgʰɔːnan] brotherhood [ägʰɔːnän] [ägʰɔːnɛn] [ɔgɔːnan] [ɑɟɔːnan] [ɔɟʰɔːnan] [ɑɟʰɔːnɛn]
mǽdtan [maːdʰtɑn] teacher [mäːθθʰän] [mɛːtʰtʰän] [maːddɔn] [maːddɑn] [maːddʰɔn] [mɛːttʰɑn]
mǽdmi [maːdʰmi] learner [mäːdʰmi] [mɛːdʰmi] [maːdmi] [maːdmi] [maːdʰmi] [mɛːdʰmi]
súgtyap [suːgʰtjɑp] half-dog [huːkt͡sʰäp] [suːkʰt͡sʰäp] [suːktʰjɔp] [suːctjɑp] [suːɟdʰjɔp] [suːɟʰtjɑp]
bábákant [bʰɑːbʰɑːkɑnt] craft of war [bʰäːbʰäːkänθ] [bʰäbʰäːkänt] [bɔːbɔːkɔnt] [bɑːbɑːcɑnt] [bʰɔːbʰɔːcɔnt] [bʰɑːbʰɑːcɑnt]
púrúvík [puːɾuːʋik] bread [puːɾuːʋiːk] [puːɾuːʋiːk] [puːruːʋiːk] [puːruːʋiːc] [puːɺuːʋiːc] [puːɾuːʋiːc]
dyǽrdá [dʰjaːldʰɑː] grand mountain [d͡zʰäːldʰäː] [d͡zʰɛːldʰäː] [djaːldɔː] [djaːldɑː] [dʰjaːɺdʰɔː] [dʰjɛːɾdʰɑː]
kháṣá [kʰɑːʂɑː] daughter [kʰäːsäː] [kʰäːʂäː] [kʰɔːsɔː] [cʰɑːʂɑː] [cʰɔːxɔː] [cʰɑːsˠɑː]
ṣvǽrnæn [ʂʋaːlnan] star [sʋäːlnän] [ʂʋäːlnɛn] [sʋaːlnan] [ʂʋaːlnan] [xʋaːɺnan] [sˠʋɛːɾnɛn]
ṣvǽr [ʂʋaːl] gold [sʋäːl] [ʂʋäːl] [sʋaːl] [ʂʋaːl] [xʋaːl] [sˠʋɛːɾ]
khèdín [kʰɛdʰiːn] copper [kʰɛdʰiːn] [kʰɛdʰiːn] [kʰɛdiːn] [cʰɛdiːn] [cʰɛdʰiːn] [cʰɛdʰiːn]
keṇk [keŋk] wheel [keŋk] [keŋk] [keŋk] [ceɲc] [ceɲc] [ceɲc]
phôr [pʰɔːl] front [pʰɔːl] [pʰɔːl] [pʰɔːl] [pʰɔːl] [pʰɔːɺ] [pʰɔːɾ]
byǽs [bʰjaːs] side of body [bʰjäːh] [bʰjɛːs] [bjaːs] [bjaːs] [bʰjaːs] [bʰjɛːs]
ġíth [ɢʰiːtʰ] high [ɢʰiːθʰ] [ɢʰiːtʰ] [ɢiːtʰ] [giːtʰ] [gʰiːtʰ] [gʰiːtʰ]
ġíthdá [ɢʰiːtʰdʰɑː] deity [ɢʰiːððʰäː] [ɢʰiːdʰdʰäː] [ɢiːddɔː] [giːddɑː] [gʰiːddʰɔː] [gʰiːtʰtʰɑː]
kuṣṭtan [kuʂʈtɑn] shooter [kustθän] [kuʂʈtän] [kusttɔn] [kuʂʈtɑn] [kuxktɔn] [kusˠtˠtɑn]
ranté [ɾɑnteː] flower [ɾänθeː] [ɾänteː] [rɔnteː] [rɑnteː] [ɺɔnteː] [ɾɑnteː]
rár [rɑːl] sunshine [ɾäːl] [ɾäːl] [rɔːl] [rɑːl] [ɺɔːɺ] [ɾɑːɾ]
xǽy [haːj] warm [äːj] [hɛːj] [aːj] [aːj] [aːj] [hɛːj]
qháp [qʰɑːp] full [qʰäːp] [qʰäːp] [qʰɔːp] [kʰɑːp] [kʰɔːp] [kʰɑːp]
ryǽṣ [ɾjaːʂ] word [ɾ̝äːs] [ɾ̝ɛːʂ] [r̝aːs] [raːʂ] [ɺaːx] [ɾjɛːsˠ]
ġvòrġ [ɢʰʋɔlɢʰ] wild [ɢʰʋɔlɢʰ] [ɢʰʋɔlɢʰ] [ɢʋɔlɢ] [gʋɔlg] [gʰʋɔɺg] [gʰʋɔɾgʰ]
kasik [kɑsik] garlic [kähik] [käsik] [kɔsik] [cɑsic] [cɔsic] [cɑsic]
mesin [mesin] cherry [mehin] [mesin] [mesin] [mesin] [mesin] [mesin]
thòqi [tʰɔqi] olive [θʰɔqi] [tʰɔʔi] [tʰɔqi] [tʰɔki] [tʰɔki] [tʰɔki]
væthǽ [ʋatʰaː] cotton [ʋätʰäː] [ʋɛtʰɛː] [ʋatʰaː] [ʋatʰaː] [ʋatʰaː] [ʋɛtʰɛː]
bís [bʰiːs] bee [bʰiːh] [bʰiːs] [biːs] [biːs] [bʰiːs] [bʰiːs]
thyèṣ [tʰjɛʂ] plum [t͡sʰɛs] [t͡sʰɛʂ] [tʰjɛs] [tʰjɛʂ] [tʰjɛx] [tʰjɛsˠ]
xèmè [hɛmɛ] flax [ɛmɛ] [hɛmɛ] [ɛmɛ] [ɛmɛ] [ɛmɛ] [hɛmɛ]
gáòn [gʰɑːˈɔn] dhole [gʰäːˈɔn] [gʰäːˈɔn] [gɔːˈɔn] [ɟɑːˈɔn] [ɟɔːˈɔn] [ɟʰɑːˈɔn]
phárs [pʰɑːls] leopard [pʰäːlh] [pʰäːls] [pʰɔls] [pʰɑls] [pʰɔls] [pʰɔɾs]
pínté [piːnteː] cheetah [piːnteː] [piːnteː] [piːnteː] [piːnteː] [piːnteː] [piːnteː]
ġárḍ [ɢʰɑːɭɖʰ] lion [ɢʰäːldʰ] [ɢʰäɭɖʰ] [ɢɔld] [gɑɭɖ] [gʰɔːɺgʰ] [gʰɑːɽɖʰ]
sǽokh [saːˈokʰ] snake [häːˈokʰ] [sɛːˈokʰ] [saːˈokʰ] [saːˈocʰ] [saːˈocʰ] [sɛːˈocʰ]
mabú [mɑbʰuː] cobra [mäbʰuː] [mäbʰuː] [mɔbuː] [mɑbuː] [mɔbʰuː] [mɑbʰuː]
xaskaṣ [hɑskɑʂ] mongoose [ähkäs] [häskäʂ] [ɔskɔs] [ɑscɑʂ] [ɔscɔx] [hɑskɑsˠ]
gephyo [gʰepʰjo] fish [gʰepʰjo] [gʰepʰjo] [gepʰjo] [ɟepʰjo] [ɟʰepʰjo] [ɟʰepʰjo]
vóyté [ʋoːjteː] hyaena [ʋoːjteː] [ʋoːjteː] [ʋoːjteː] [ʋoːjteː] [ʋoːjteː] [ʋoːjteː]
khuṭa [kʰuʈɑ] civet [kʰutä] [kʰuʈä] [kʰutɔ] [cʰuʈɑ] [cʰukɔ] [cʰutˠɑ]
phyǽy [pʰjaːj] peafowl [pʰjäːj] [pʰjɛːj] [pʰjaːj] [pʰjaːj] [pʰjaːj] [pʰjɛːj]
biḍar [bʰiɖʰɑl] ibex [bʰidʰäl] [bʰiɖʰäl] [bidɔl] [bidɑl] [bʰigʰɔɺ] [bʰiɖʰɑɾ]
gothiṣ [gʰotʰiʂ] sheep [gʰoθʰis] [gʰotʰiʂ] [gotʰis] [ɟotʰiʂ] [ɟʰotʰix] [ɟʰotʰisˠ]
qhòbá [qʰɔbʰɑː] monkey [qʰɔbʰäː] [qʰɔbʰäː] [qʰɔbɔː] [kʰɔbɑː] [kʰɔbʰɔː] [cʰɔbʰɔː]
èbên [ɛbʰɛːn] elephant [ɛbʰɛːn] [ɛbʰɛːn] [ɛbɛːn] [ɛbɛːn] [ɛbʰɛːn] [ɛbʰɛːn]
qadyís [qɑdʰjiːs] caracal [qäðʰjiːh] [ʔädʰjiːs] [qɔdjiːs] [kɑdjiːs] [kɔdʰjiːs] [cɑdʰjiːs]
khorák [kʰoɾɑːk] shark [kʰoɾäːk] [kʰoɾäːk] [kʰorɔːk] [cʰorɑːc] [cʰoɺɔːc] [cʰoɾɑːc]
myêr [mjɛːl] eagle [mɲɛːl] [mɲɛːl] [mjɛːl] [mjɛːl] [mjɛːɺ] [mjɛːɾ]
dandè [dʰɑndʰɛ] oak [ðʰänðʰɛ] [dʰändʰɛ] [dɔndɛ] [dɑndɛ] [dʰɔndʰɛ] [dʰɑndʰɛ]
khoson [kʰoson] pine [kʰohon] [kʰoson] [kʰoson] [cʰoson] [cʰoson] [cʰoson]
dathúd [dʰɑtʰuːdʰ] cedar [ðʰäθʰuːðʰ] [dʰätʰuːdʰ] [dɔtʰuːd] [dɑtʰuːd] [dʰɔtʰuːdʰ] [dʰɑtʰuːdʰ]
kaduq [kɑdʰuq] head [käðʰuq] [kädʰuʔ] [kɔduq] [cɑduk] [cɔdʰuk] [cɑdʰuk]
gúrḍ [gʰuːɭɖʰ] auroch [gʰuːldʰ] [gʰuːɭɖʰ] [guːld] [ɟuːlɖ] [ɟʰuːɺgʰ] [ɟʰuːɽɖʰ]
máṇġté [mɑːɴɢ̻ʰteː] cattle [mäːɴ̻qθʰeː] [mäɴ̻qʰtʰeː] [mɔɴ̻qtʰeː] [mɑŋ̊qteː] [mɔŋɢdʰeː] [mɑːŋ̊ktʰeː]
ġúmb [ɢʰuːmbʰ] gaur [ɢʰuːmbʰ] [ɢʰuːmbʰ] [ɢuːmb] [guːmb] [gʰuːmbʰ] [gʰuːmbʰ]
módġúmb [moːdʰɢʰuːmbʰ] banteng [moːðʰɢʰuːmbʰ] [moːdʰɢʰuːmbʰ] [moːdɢuːmb] [moːdguːmb] [moːdgʰuːmbʰ] [moːdʰgʰuːmbʰi]
ṭhúr [ʈʰuːl] horn [tʰuːl] [ʈʰuːl] [ʈʰuːl] [ʈʰuːl] [kʰuːɺ] [tˠʰuːɾ]
vǽnyô [ʋaːnjɔː] meadow [ʋäːnjɔː] [ʋɛːnjɔː] [ʋaːnjɔː] [ʋaːnjɔː] [ʋanjɔː] [ʋɛːnjɔː]
ramba [ɾɑmbʰɑ] tiger [ɾämbʰä] [ɾämbʰä] [rɔmbɔ] [rɑmbɑ] [ɺɔmbʰɔ] [ɾɑmbʰɑ]
xáṣvamin [hɑːʂʋɑmin] dolphin [äsʋämin] [häʂʋämin] [ɔsʋɔmin] [ɑʂʋɑmin] [ɔxʋɔmin] [hɑːsˠʋɑmin]
sarír [sɑɾiːl] rye [häɾiːl] [säɾiːl] [sɔriːl] [sɑriːl] [sɔɺiːɺ] [sɑɾiːɾ]
ṭamphí [ʈɑmpʰiː] hemp [tämpʰiː] [ʈämpʰiː] [tɔmpʰiː] [ʈɑmpʰiː] [kɔmpʰiː] [tˠɑmpʰiː]

Northwestern

Northeastern

North-central

South-central

Southwestern

Southeastern

See Also